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Prince '''Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin''' (;[ "Kropotkin"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''. ; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian geography|geographer, economist, activist, philology|philologist, zoology|zoologist, evolution|evolutionary theorist, philosopher, writer and prominent Anarchism|anarchist. Kropotkin advocated a communist society free from central government and based on voluntary associations between workers. He wrote many books, pamphlets and articles, the most prominent being ''The Conquest of Bread'' and ''Fields, Factories and Workshops'', and his principal scientific offering, ''Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution''. He also contributed the article on anarchism to the ''Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh...
Birth namePyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin
Birth date{{birth date|1842|12|9}}
Birth placeMoscow, Russian Empire
Death date{{death date and age|1921|2|8|1842|12|9}}
Death placeDmitrov, Russian SFSR
Era{{unbulleted list |19th-century philosophy |20th-century philosophy}}
Region{{unbulleted list |Russian philosophy |Western philosophy}}
ReligionNone"[T]he noblest man, the one really greatest of them all was Prince Peter Kropotkin, a self-professed atheist and a great man of science."—Ely, Robert Erskine (October 10, 1941), ''New York World-Telegram''.{{cite book|title=Building Social Capital: Self-Help in a Twenty-First Century Welfare State|year=1995|publisher=Institute for Public Policy Research|isbn=9781872452999|page=3|author=Mai Wann|quote=The concepts of self help and mutual aid have been inspired, on the one hand, by Samuel Smiles and his Victorian faith in individual effort and, on the other hand, by Peter Kropotkin, the anarchist and atheist who lived in Russia at the turn of the century.}}
School traditionAnarchist communism
Main interests{{hlist |Authority |Cooperation |Politics |Revolution |Labour relations|Labor |Economics |Agriculture |Evolution |Geography |Literature |Science |Philosophy |Ethics}}